Redwoods National & State Parks

The base of an old redwood treeThe Redwood National and State Parks run along the Pacific Ocean coastline of northern California. They combine an area of 131,983 acres. The National parks protect 45% or 38,982 acres, of what is left of the old growth forests. These Redwoods are the tallest and most massive on the planet. The parks also protects other native vegetation, grasslands, historical resources and 37 miles of pristine shoreline.

The RedwoodsIn 1850 there were over 2,000,000 acres of old growth redwoods along the California coastline. This northern area was first the home of Native Americans, but soon noticed by lumbermen and gold miners during the California gold rush. When the gold mining fell short of expectations, these men started cutting down the tall Redwoods for the development that was occuring in San Francisco, and other towns along the Pacific coast. This unrestricted logging went on for many years until efforts was started to preserve the giant trees. In 1918 the Save-the-Redwoods League was established. Redwood National Park was created in 1968, but by that time nearly 90 % of the original trees had been cut down. In 1994 The National Park Service and the California Department of Parks and Recreation combined Redwood National Park with the three joining Redwood State Parks to unite forest stabiliaztion and watersheds as one unit.

This environmental system protects many endangered animals such as the Brown Pelican, Tidewater Goby Bald Eagle, Chinook Salmon, Northern-spotted Owl, and Steller's Sea Lion. In acknowledgement of this unique ecosystem and historical importance found in the parks, the United Nations designated them a World Heritage Site on September 5, 1980 and an International Biosphere Reserve on June 30, 1983.

Redwood National and State Parks offer four complete campgrounds, three in the redwood forest and one on the coast.You need to know that there are no trailer hook-ups; there is a charge for each extra vehicle per site; and day use fees are charged. All the campgrounds are California state park campgrounds operated by the California Department of Parks and Recreation.

Climate

The redwoods thrive in a temperate system and need a lot of rain. The climate is 40 - 60 degrees all year along the redwood coast.

 

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